By Graeme Morton, Trevor Griffiths
The authors discover the political, non secular, and highbrow personality of Scottish lifestyles, within which the intense impinged at the usual.
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Additional info for A History of Everyday Life in Scotland, 1800-1900
18 This was nothing compared with what was to come when, in 1846, potato blight hit the Highlands. It was not only the impact that weather had on crops that could precipitate calamity; storms could also cause immense damage, as happened as a result of the ‘muckle spate’ (big ﬂood). In August 1829, a mighty storm lashed Scotland, particularly the north-east, for two whole days, affecting the Nairn, the Findhorn, the Lossie and the Spey. Flash ﬂoods crashed down from the sources of all the great Grampian rivers, taking bridges, houses, trees and crops on their way and depositing massive sheets of sand and gravel downstream on valuable agricultural land.
In 1769, the impression is of an organic landscape on a pre-improvement model – essentially an inﬁeld– outﬁeld system, based upon a contrast between land that was intensively cultivated and that from which the yield was more intermittent and marginal – whereas 100 years later the changes have been realised to the extent that there are rationalised systems of separate woodland and grassland management forming a rectilinear enclosed ﬁeld system. That the system prior to this was multi-use is demonstrated by the surveyor, Farquharson’s comment in 1769: ‘There are some outﬁelds common to the whole farm .
Religious disorder was at times linked to sporting occasions, represented most clearly by sectarian divides in the football teams of Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow, and both were contributing elements of gang culture. That women were involved in public disorder as well as political and gender struggles is shown in a number of different examples by Knox and McKinlay. Their evidence throughout shows how the people of Scotland were faced by a developing police force more concerned with maintaining social order than detecting or preventing crime, and how after 1850 its emphasis fell on the implementation of middle-class deﬁned behaviours.