Download A New Biology for the 21st Century by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution

Now greater than ever, biology has the capability to give a contribution functional suggestions to a few of the significant demanding situations confronting the U.S. and the realm. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that will depend on higher integration inside biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover recommendations to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable meals creation, atmosphere recovery, optimized biofuel creation, and development in human well-being. The procedure demands a coordinated attempt to leverage assets around the federal, inner most, and educational sectors to aid meet demanding situations and enhance the go back on existence technological know-how examine as a rule.

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Extra resources for A New Biology for the 21st Century

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Thus, both the agriculture and energy research communities will be stakeholders in the effort to transform plant breeding capabilities. Identifying and Optimizing Microbial Biocatalysts Ethanol is a first-generation biofuel, produced via fermentation of sugars by wild-type yeast. Ethanol has limitations, such as low energy density, high vapor pressure, and water solubility. By combining recent advances in technologies such as high-throughput sequencing, automated gene expression measurement, and metabolic engineering, future generations of biofuels are now within reach.

The question the New Biology can address is: Once we know that a system is at risk, how do we return it to a state that is more capable of providing ecosystem services? Integrate Basic Knowledge about Ecosystem Function with Problem-Solving Techniques Developing a science of ecosystem restoration will require integration of many fields of knowledge. , reserve design) and in climate change impact studies. Interdisciplinary work is already common as many ecosystem biologists reside in Earth Sciences Departments and institutes, and climate change biologists collaborate as often with meteorologists as with other biologists.

PDO is used in applications ranging from deicing fluids to personal care products. BioPDO is also an important component of poly (trimethylene ­terephthalate), a polymer with true engineering properties. We can now foresee a range of such chemical building blocks as succinic acid, dodecanedioic acid, and p-hydroxybenzoic acid being made from biomass via fermentation (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 2009). At present, medical decision-making is often based on probabilities. For example, high cholesterol levels are associated with heart disease and earlystage cancers metastasize at a predictable rate.

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