By Gerald Schochetman (auth.), Gerald Schochetman Ph.D., J. Richard George Ph.D. (eds.)
Given the continued excessive point of shock between wellbeing and fitness pros and most of the people approximately matters on the topic of AIDS, this quantity on trying out for AIDS and comparable viruses is very well timed. The publication has been written by way of specialists within the region of AIDS checking out, lots of whom are on the facilities for ailment regulate. The e-book comprises numerous chapters which evaluate different laboratory exams to be had for detecting the AIDS virus (HIV). It additionally addresses such issues as moral issues in AIDS checking out, HIV an infection in teenagers, checking out for different human viruses concerning HIV, safeguard practices in HIV-testing laboratories, and coping with occupational publicity to HIV. The publication is meant for public well-being officers curious about HIV checking out, health center directors and medical laboratory administrators chargeable for establishing HIV trying out courses, and physicians fascinated by checking out for AIDS.
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Additional info for AIDS Testing: Methodology and Management Issues
However, as we shall see, a common immunopathologic mechanism is involved: infection of a monocyte-derived cell type that expresses the CD4 molecule. 30 4. Immunologic Aspects of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection 31 Organization of the Immune System The function of the immune system is to discriminate self from nonself. As a consequence of nonself recognition, cellular and humoral interactions are set in motion that result in the sequestration and elimination of that which is recognized as foreign or antigenic.
Myristoylation-dependent replication and assembly of human immunodeficiency virus 1. Proc NatI Acad Sci USA 1990;87:523-527. 14. Debouck C, Gorniak JG, Stickler JE, Metcalf BW, Rosenberg M. Human immunodeficiency virus protease expresses in Escherichia coli exhibits autoprocessing and specific maturation of the gag precursor. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1987;84:8903-8906. 15. Fujiwara T, Mizuuchi K. Retroviral DNA integration: structure of an integration intermediate. Cell 1988;54:497-504. 16. Peerlin BM, Luciw PA.
They bear no relation to disease progression; they do not react with the site on CD4 involved in binding gp120, nor do they react with CD4 in its native conformation on the cell surface. 27 4. Immunologic Aspects of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection 37 Major Components of the Immune System in HIV-1 Infection CD4 T Cells and CD4/CD8 Ratio A low ratio of CD4 to CD8 T cells has been a characteristic and consistent observation since the earliest reports of AIDS. Inverted ratios result from a decrease in the absolute number of CD4 T cells and a variable number (increase, normal, or decrease) of CD8 T cells.